Tuesday, July 28, 2009

bunaken map

Bunaken National Park is representative of the ecosystem of a tropical forest ecosystem of mangroves, the yet, coral reef, ecosystem and land / coastal.

In the North island of Bunaken, Manado Tua island, the island Montehage, Siladen the island, the island Nain, Nain Kecil island, and some coastal areas Tanjung Pisok. While in the South include some coastal Tanjung Kelapa.

Potential land island national park is rich with the kind of palm, sago, woka, silar and coconut. Types of animals on the land between the coastal and other black South monkeys (Macaca nigra nigra), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), and polecat (Ailurops ursinus ursinus).

Type of vegetation in the mangrove forest Bunaken National Park, namely Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia sp., Lumnitzera sp., And Bruguiera sp. Forest is rich with various kinds of crab, shrimp, moluska and various types of birds such as sea gull, heron, sea squab, and cangak sea.

Type of seaweed found in the national park include the type of Caulerpa sp., Halimeda sp., And Padina sp. Padang which yet dominates Montehage especially in the island, and the island Nain Thalassia hemprichii, Enhallus acoroides, and Thalassodendron ciliatum.

Recorded 13 genera of living coral in the waters of Bunaken National Park, dominated by the edge type of coral reefs and coral reef barrier. The most interesting is the barrier reef vertical extent to 25-50 meters.

Approximately 91 species of fish found in the waters of Bunaken National Park, including fish gusumi horse (Hippocampus kuda), white oci (Seriola rivoliana), yellow tail lolosi (Lutjanus kasmira), goropa (Ephinephelus spilotoceps and Pseudanthias hypselosoma), ila gasi (Scolopsis bilineatus) , and others.

Type moluska like giant kima (Tridacna gigas), the goat (Cassis cornuta), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), and tunikates / ascidian.

Visit best season: May s / d in August each year.

How well a location: Bunaken National Park can be reached through the port of Manado, Marina Nusantara Diving Center (NDC) in the Marina District and the Blue Molas loud. From the port of Manado motor boat to the island Siladen can be 20 mins, 30 mins Bunaken island, the island Montehage 50 minutes and 60 minutes Nain island. Marina Blue from using the fast boat which is available to the local tourism in Bunaken island can be within 10-15 minutes, while the NDC of the major dive in the Bunaken island with the boat speed adopted in the 20 minutes.
Office: Jl. Raya Molas, Post Box 1202
95242 Manado, North Sulawesi
Telp.: (0431) 859022
E-mail: tnb@manado.wasantara.net.id
Stated ----
Appointed Minister of Forestry, Decree No. 730/Kpts-II/1991
knowledgeable 89,065 hectares
Defined ---
Minahasa District exhausted and Municipality
Manado, North Sulawesi
Air temperature 26 ° - 31 ° C
Rainfall 2500 - 3500 mm / year
Height of the 0 - 800 meter dpl
Salinity 33 - 35 ° / OO
Brightness 10 - 30 m
2.5 meter tidal
West season November until February
East season in March until October
Geography 1 ° 35 '- 1 ° 49' N, 124 ° 39 '- 124 ° 35' BT

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